Dance Resource

Waltz

Timing

1-2-3-4-5-6, evenly counted over two measures of music.

(1) is taken with LF for leader, RF for follower. (4) is taken with RF for leader, LF for follower.

Technique

Rise & Fall

Rise & fall happens between 2 & 3 counts and 5 & 6 counts. 2 and 5 counts are done down.

For example given the box:

LF forward down                     (1)
RF right down & rise on RF          (2)
down on RF & LF together            (3)

RF is placed with head at the height of the first step, then as weight is transfered from LF to RF the left leg extends to straight thus producing the rise and diagonal right/up motion in the body. As weight finishes moving to RF knees bend again into the 1 count height.

Positions

Closed

The standard closed position.

Promenade

The standard promenade position. Follower is looking to her right. Partners are positioned in a V with about a 90d angle.

Butterfly

The position attained on (6) in butterfly. The butterfly position can be thought of as a promenade position with the follower moved to the left of the leader. The partners are still positioned in a V, facing away from each other, with about a 270d angle between them. Handhold is leader's LH to follower's RH, stretched forward.

Side By Side Open

The position attained in open left/right balance steps. The follower can be on either side of the leader. The connection is leader's inside hand on follower's back, follower's inside hand in a similar position above leader's arm, outside hands are stretched outward for both partners.

The partners are usually slightly angled inward from being truly side by side.

Step Types

Hesitation

One step per measure, the one step takes all 3 counts. Can be made on either foot in any direction. The next measure (and thus the next figure) starts with the other foot. Can be done in closed or promenade positions (not in butterfly).

The step is taken on (1), on (2-3) the other foot is collected (slowly). I suppose it is possible to collect the other foot on (2) and hold on (3) as well, but regardless there should be rise on (2) and fall on (3).

Hesitation steps do not turn.

Balance Step

This is a fancier version of hesitation steps. The balance steps have three steps per measure, or one per beat, and thus also involve one weight change per beat rather than one weight change per measure as with hesitation steps.

Box Step

The box steps follow the pattern of forward-side-together or back-side-together, starting with either foot.

  • Change steps move forward on both feet.
  • Box steps alternate moving forward and back, thus the figure stays in place.

Box type steps can be rotated up to 1/4 turn in the direction of the foot that is stepping on (1) or (4):

Promenade

Going from closed position to promenade position starts with LF, on (1). On bronze level the standard way of getting into promenade is a twinkle to promenade. The other option is a promenade hesitation which is executed from LF and, though technically is already in promenade, can be considered a replacement for twinkle to promenade step in terms of choreography.

Steps in promenade always start with RF and either close or chasse.

Forward Hesitation

Leader's steps:

LF forward                  (1)
RF together                 (2)
hold                        (3)

Back Hesitation

Leader's steps:

LF back                     (1)
RF together                 (2)
hold                        (3)

Left/Right Hesitations

These can be led & followed but are not a proper figure in waltz, apparently.

Forward & Back Balance Step

These are similar to forward/back hesitations but have weight changes on (2) and (3) counts.

Leader's steps from closed:

LF forward                  (1)
RF together                 (2)
LF replace                  (3)

RF back                     (4)
LF together                 (5)
RF replace                  (6)

Left & Right Balance Step

And for context with the forward/back balance video:

Unlike forward/back balance steps, the feet are not brought together on (2) but rather behind. Though this video has the feet brought together.

Leader's steps from closed:

RF right                            (4)
LF back small & rise                (5)
RF replace                          (6)

LF left                             (1)
RF back small & rise                (2)
LF replace                          (3)

Lead for the balance step is the side movement on (1) or (4).

In closed balance step, leader maintains closed hold throughout. Still the leader needs to rotate the follower into the twinkle.

Open Balance Steps

The left/right balance steps can be done closed or open.

The open version is as follows. Leader's steps from closed:

RF right                            (4)
LF back small & open L & rise       (5)
RF replace                          (6)

LF left                             (1)
RF back small & open R & rise       (2)
LF replace                          (3)

In open balance steps, leader releases outside hand and both partners have the outside arms stretched out. Connection is leader's palm on follower's back on (5) and (2).

The easiest/smoothest exit out of open balance steps is to ask for follower's RH with LH on (6) and go into quarter left turn on (1). It is very awkward/impossible to come out of an open balance setp with a back step on (4).

Closed Balance Step RF Exit

It is more natural/smooth to exit out of closed balance steps with LF forward, however RF back is also a possibility.

Change Step / Progressive Step

These can be used to take up a measure of music so as to start a figure on the other foot from the one currently available. The change steps can also be used to progress forward in the room.

Leader's steps from LF:

LF forward          (1)
RF right            (2)
LF together         (3)

Leader's steps from RF:

RF forward          (4)
LF left             (5)
RF together         (6)

Box

Leader's steps:

LF forward          (1)
RF right            (2)
LF together         (3)

RF back             (4)
LF left             (5)
RF together         (6)

Rotating Box / Left Box Turn

Leader's steps:

LF forward/left 45d & rotate L 90d          (1)
RF right                                    (2)
LF together                                 (3)

RF back/right 45d & rotate R 90d            (4)
LF left                                     (5)
RF together                                 (6)

The person going forward steps should make smaller steps compared to the person going back. I.e. leader's forward/left step is smaller and back/right step is larger.

Direction change is 90d per measure. A full rotating box is 4 measures and 360d of total direction change.

I take it one measure of a rotating box is a left box turn, 90d of direction change. This can be used to begin a figure from the right foot (for example, butterfly which travels right).

Right Box Turn

Since the right box turn starts with right foot for leader, there must be a change step prior to it to go from left to right foot and a change step after to be able to start from the left foot again.

Leader's steps:

RF forward & rotate R 90d           (4)
LF left                             (5)
RF together                         (6)

LF back & rotate R 90d              (1)
RF right                            (2)
LF together                         (3)

Slow UAT / Box Step With UAT / Walkaround Turn

6 count variation with left turning box entry and exit:

Or this video.

This figure happens over 6 counts total, starting with leader's RF.

Leader's steps from closed:

RF back & raise LH & guide follower left            (4)
LF left                                             (5)
RF together                                         (6)

LF forward & rotate L 90d                           (1)
RF right                                            (2)
LF together                                         (3)

Follower's steps from closed:

LF forward & curve right                            (4)
RF forward & curve right                            (5)
LF forward & curve right                            (6)

RF forward & curve right                            (1)
LF forward & curve right                            (2)
RF together                                         (3)

As described, there is a total of 90d rotation left for the leader. The leader joins the follower on the 6th count of the figure.

Alternatively, the leader may forego the rotation left and bring the follower to him in his original orientation, which takes 3 more counts, as shown in this video:

If the figure is done in 6 counts, box steps from LF and RF or left turning box steps from LF and RF are natural and common surrounding steps, depending on the couple's position in the room.

Follower's Right UAT

Starting direction LOD.

Follower's steps:

(left 3/8 turn:)
RF back & rotate L 135d
LF left
RF together

(change step:)
LF forward
RF right
LF together

(right UAT:)
RF forward & rotate R 180d
LF back & rotate R 180d
RF together & rotate R 180d

(change step:)
LF back
RF right
LF together

Cross Body Lead

Although the following descriptions span 6 counts, cross body lead properly is a 3 count figure starting from RF for the leader. The only aspect of it overflowing into the subsequent (1) is the final rotation.

Leader's steps:

RF back/right & rotate L 90d &
  move off follower's track                 (4)
LF left & LH pull follower forward          (5)
RF together                                 (6)

(start box:)
rotate L 90d & LF forward                   (1)
RF right                                    (2)
LF together                                 (3)

Unlike salsa, LH in waltz XBL should not go down to waist level and instead should stay at its normal level.

The lead for XBL is primarily from LH apparently rather than RH.

Follower's steps:

LF forward
  (heel step, upper body is low)            (4)
RF forward
  (toe step, heel does not come down,
  upper body is tall)                       (5)
LF forward
  (toe step, heel does not come down,
  upper body is tall)                       (6)
  & pivot L 180d

(start box:)
RF back                                     (1)
LF left                                     (2)
RF together                                 (3)

Promenade Close

This is the simple promenade ending.

Leader's steps, from promenade:

RF left/forward in promenade & face partner         (4)
LF left                                             (5)
RF together                                         (6)

The leader moves the follower from promenade position to closed position on (5).

Promenade Hesitation

Leader's steps, from promenade:

LF left/forward in promenade                        (1)
RF together                                         (2-3)

(into promenade close:)
RF left/forward in promenade & face partner         (4)
LF left                                             (5)
RF together                                         (6)

The RF together movement on (2-3) counts should in fact take two counts.

Although all 6 counts seem to be considered part of the figure, for the purposes of choreography I use only the first 3 counts done in promenade position. The promenade close covers counts (4-6).

Promenade hesitation can also start with RF, if it follows promenade chasse.

Promenade Develope

For the leader, identical to promenade hesitation.

The follower kicks on (2-3) with LF.

Promenade UAT

From promenade position, follower executes a right turn on the first 3 counts followed by promenade to closed over the last 3 counts.

Leader's steps, from promenade:

rotate R 45d & LF back                      (1)
RF back w/heel up & rotate L 90d            (2)
LF forward                                  (3)

RF forward                                  (4)
LF left                                     (5)
RF together                                 (6)

The first 4 steps are done in a grapevine-like fashion, with the leader backing diagonal center on (1-2) and facing diagonal wall on (3-4). Leader closes on (5-6) and faces wall then.

Follower's steps, from promenade:

RF right & rotate R 180d                    (1)
LF left & rotate R 180d                     (2)
RF right/forward in promenade               (3)

LF right/forward in promenade               (4)
RF right                                    (5)
LF together                                 (6)

Butterfly / Side By Side Changes / Face To Face - Back To Back

Prepare: leader's left hand scoops follower's right hand.

Leader's steps:

rotate R 90d & RF right                     (4)
LF forward small & rotate R 45d & open      (5)
RF together                                 (6)
(in butterfly position)

rotate L 45d & LF forward                   (1)
rotate L 90d & RF right                     (2)
LF together & reframe                       (3)

On (6), the partners are in butterfly position>

Combos: - 1/4 rotating box into butterfly, scoop hand on the 3 count of the rotating box - UAT into butterfly

Continuous Butterfly

To start another butterfly, leader high fives the follower on (3) instead of reframing.

rotate R 90d & RF right                     (4)
LF forward small & rotate R 45d & open      (5)
RF together                                 (6)

rotate L 45d & LF forward                   (1)
rotate L 90d & RF right                     (2)
LF together & RH high five with follower    (3)

(butterfly)

Grapevine

Leader's steps from closed:

LF forward                          (1)
RF forward outside partner          (2)
LF left & rotate R ~90d             (3)

RF back                             (4)
LF left                             (5)
RF together & rotate L ~90d         (6)

Leader goes outside partner on (2), follower goes outside partner on (4). This means on (3) the leader needs to rotate right enough that the follower can step to his left on (4).

Twinkle To Promenade / Simple Twinkle

Or this video.

Leader's steps from closed:

LF forward                          (1)
RF forward/right diagonal & rise    (2)
LF together in promenade            (3)

Follower's steps from closed:

RF back                             (1)
LF back/left diagonal & rise        (2)
RF together in promenade            (3)

Back Twinkle To Promenade

This is the equivalent of twinkle to promenade except it starts with LF back rather than LF forward for the leader. The second step is still to the right, and the third step closes.

Leader's steps from closed:

LF back                             (1)
RF back/right diagonal & rise       (2)
LF together in promenade            (3)

The follower moves forward in this figure and steps outside partner on (1). Follower's steps from closed:

RF forward outside partner          (1)
LF forward/left diagonal & rise     (2)
RF together in promenade            (3)

While "back twinkle" does not appear to be a figure on its own, it is the third measure of a "turning twinkle" (out of four measures total), as shown in the following video:

Progressive Twinkle

This seems to be the same as an open twinkle.

Regardless of whether a figure is called an "open" or a "progressive" twinkle, I imagine it is possible to make it primarily progress down LOD or primarily move left and right perpendicular to LOD. Maybe this is a distinction between the open and progressive ones.

Open Twinkle

This is a sequence of:

  1. twinkle to promenade (1-3)
  2. promenade to butterfly position (4-6)
  3. butterfly position to promenade (7-9)
  4. promenade close (10-12)

Twinkle & Weave

This is a sequence of:

  1. twinkle to promenade (1-3)
  2. promenade close with leader's 1/4 left (4-6)
  3. back twinkle to promenade with leader's 1/4 right (7-9)
  4. promenade close (10-12)

Hesitation Turn

From promenade, leader's steps:

RF forward                                          (4)
rotate L ~165d & guide follower around left         (5-6)

(collect follower & reframe & first half of box:)
LF forward                                          (1)
RF right                                            (2)
LF together                                         (3)

Follower's steps, from promenade:

LF forward rotating L                               (4)
RF forward rotating L                               (5)
LF forward rotating L                               (6)

pivot L ~135d & RF back                             (1)
LF left                                             (2)
RF together                                         (3)

Turning Rocks

This is 3 rocks starting with either foot, similar to a rock turn in tango.

Leader's steps from closed:

RF back & rotate L                  (4)
rock LF & rotate L                  (5)
rock RF & rotate L                  (6)

This figure does not appear to be a syllabus figure. In principle it could also work from LF.

Two Way UAT

This is a different figure from two way turn.

Two way UAT is:

  • 6 counts of the slow UAT
  • 3 counts of changing places to side by side with follower on left, similar to the position obtained in butterfly
  • 3 counts of something very similar to twinkle to promenade
  • (3 counts of promenade to closed)

The promenade to closed ending is the simplest one but I imagine the first 12 counts of the figure are really the meat of the two way UAT.

Turn With UAT

These are left or right box turns/turning boxes with an underarm turn for the follower added to the last 3 counts. The underarm turn is in the same direction as the box turn: in a left box turn the underarm turn is to the left, in a right box turn the underarm turn is to the right. The underarm turns are done when the leader is moving back, hence it starts on (4) for the reverse/left box turn and (1) for the natural/right box turn. The turns always start when the follower is moving forward.

Promenade Chasse

This is a figure which puts 4 steps into 3 counts. It starts from right foot and, due to the extra step, ends on the left foot, so that the next figure must also start from the right foot.

Leader's steps, from promenade:

RF forward/left in promenade                (4)
LF forward/left in promenade                (5)
RF together in promenade                    (a)
LF forward/left in promenade                (6)

In the video the following step is a promenade hesitation from RF, but I do not have any steps other than a promenade hesitation to start from LF in promenade, and having two hesitations in a row seems too bland. A more interesting sequence seems to be promenade chasse into promenade close.

Fifth Position With UAT

This is a balance step from RF followed by UAT from (leader's) LF. In the UAT the follower moves to the right but one can think of her starting the turn when she is moving forward since right side is leading.

Waterfall